Peter Higgs, 84, emeritus professor of theoretical physics at the
University of Edinburgh, Britain, and Francois Englert, 80, professor
emeritus of theoretical physics at
For proposing the existence of a special type of particle, since named
the Higgs boson, whose features have been confirmed over the past year
through experiments conducted at CERN, the gigantic international
particle research laboratory on the Swiss-French border.
The existence of the Higgs boson is needed to explain how particles
acquire mass. That provides a fundamental pillar of the physics theory
which explains the origins of the universe by describing how matter came
into being shortly after the Big Bang.