CRIME – DELINQUENCY, CATEGORIES AND PUNISHMENT



ADVERTISEMENT
A crime can be seen as a serious offence, an act that breaks
the law. It is an illegal act or activity that can be punished by law. For any
act to be called a crime, there must be a previous existence of the law
prohibiting that act to warrant public prosecution.
However, when an act is committed by adults, that act
becomes a crime while it becomes juvenile delinquency when committed by young
people below the age of eighteen (18). These young ones are referred to as
minors. Little wonder Okonkwo and Naish(The criminal law- 1996) defined crime
as those breaches of the law resulting in special accusatorial procedure
controlled by the state, and liable to sanction over and above compensation and
costs.

In Nigeria, the common law is practiced, in which an accused
is deemed to be innocent until proven guilty. Hence, a person can be called a
criminal if, and only if he has been found guilty in the law court after due
process.

There are numerous category of crime. These different
categories aid legal practitioners to how they file their motion in a court of
law. The categories are as follows
1.      
HOMICIDE
This is the killing of a human being by
another human being. This act is so serious that it is scarcely excusable. Once
a person have been shown to have caused the death of a human being, he will
(except in few cases) be guilty of a crime even though he did not force or
intend death as a result of his conduct.
2.      
ASSAULT 
According to Okonkwo and Naish- 1996
(mentioned earlier), it is an attempt or a threat to apply unlawful force on
another person in such a way that he believes that such force is about to be
applied on him.
3.      
BURGLARY
This means breaking a person’s house with
an intention to steal.
4.      
TRESON
This, however, happens to be or better
still is the most serious offence in the criminal code and it attract a death
penalty. This offense is an act to overthrow one’s government or to harm or
kill its sovereign, for example, the president or a governor.
5.      
DEFAMATION
This is an act, likely to injure an individual’s
reputation by exposing him to contempt, ridicule, hatred, or likely to damage
an individual in his profession or trade by an injury to his reputation.
Other categories of crime are prostitution,
robbery, extortion, gambling, and consumption of narcotic drugs e.t.c . All these,
if not properly checked and controlled bring about disorder in the society.
Nevertheless, it is pertinent to note the
reason for crime and punishment in the society. They include unemployment, economic
reasons, political reasons, the value system and the Get-Rich-Quickmania .
To maintain social order in the society,
criminal activities or behaviors has punishment attached to it which is enshrined
in the criminal code. To punish implies making a person suffer because he has
broken the law or has done something wrong. Generally criminals are punished to
prevent future recurrence of the act and to serve as deterrence to other by the
victim and to maintain law and order.
 
Contributed by Justice. O. Nwaneri
ADVERTISEMENT

Want Latest Controversial News? Download the Linjust app for Android Phones.

Do you suspect your loved one is cheating on you ? Find out with this amazing app.Records all calls, text messages, surroundings of the phone even when not on a call and more.

Looking For a Well-Paid Job? Start working as a Movie Extra & Earn up to $300/day

YOUR AMERICAN DREAM IS IN YOUR HANDS. 50,000 People and their families wins the GREEN CARD lottery every year.2017 REGISTRATION HAS STARTED! CLICK HERE to Submit your green card application today!

Study in USA with an official American Green Card. CLICK HERE

Enjoy sex again, save your marriage, all thanks to Gods gift! [United states only]

Teeth Whitening system can deliver whitening results similar to those you’ll get when you pay hundreds or even thousands of dollars at the dentist.[This Offer is available only for UK]


Like it? Share with your friends!

Leave a Reply

6 Comments on "CRIME – DELINQUENCY, CATEGORIES AND PUNISHMENT"

avatar
Sort by:   newest | oldest | most voted
Favour e. Onyema
Guest
Favour e. Onyema

Your articles are very educative and informative. keep it up lord justice.

Favour e. Onyema
Guest
Favour e. Onyema

In this burglary of a thing, what is the punishment a person who committed it undergoes?

Justice .O. Nwaneri
Guest
Justice .O. Nwaneri

Nice comments. They are appreciated. Linjust and her administrators will without fail give a detailed answer in the next legal article.

Favour e. Onyema
Guest
Favour e. Onyema

Alright

Favour e. Onyema
Guest
Favour e. Onyema

I was soo flabbergasted when i saw the word *get-rich quickmania* explanation pls!

Justice . O . Nwaneri
Guest
Justice . O . Nwaneri

Thanks. Get rich quickmania is a mentality that drives some individuals. It aims at making them look for fast and subtle means of making money, hence getting themselves involved in crime.

wpDiscuz

log in

reset password

Back to
log in