Lagos: A Megacity And Its Mega Challenges



The
population of Lagos is presently in excess of 18 million. A mega city
status is conferred by the United Nations on cities with a population of
10 million and above. Building and preserving a model mega city comes
with great challenges. Providing a sufficient amount of infrastructure
and other life’s necessities that would accommodate the needs of over 18
million people is no child’s play.
 A mega city
requires a stronger financial base. The sheer size of funding required
in sustaining a mega city is beyond what a government could provide on
its own. This is where creativity comes in as other sources of revenue
must be sought in order to finance government’s expenditure. These other
sources include borrowing, both internally and externally, grants,
bonds, Public Private Partnerships and others. In Lagos State, for
instance, despite the progressive increase in the monthly Internally
Generated Revenue, IGR, of the state from a meagre N500 million in 1999
to about N20 billion currently, the state government still has to invent
options to fund its projects.
Presently, the state
government is embarking on audacious infrastructure renewal projects
that are capital intensive. The successful execution of on-going
projects such as the light rail scheme from Orile to Mile 2, the
redevelopment of the Lagos-Badagry expressway into ten lanes
incorporating BRT lanes and light rails, on-going reconstruction of the
Mile 12-Ikotrodu road incorporating BRT lanes, the recently commissioned
Ejigbo- Ajao Estate link bridge,  recovery and redevelopment of loops
hitherto used by criminals as hide-outs among others could only become
feasible with a sustained system of funding.
Planned
urban improvement and slum renewal is a major challenge in an emerging
model city like Lagos. Before democracy was restored in 1999, Lagos used
to be referred  as a jungle of various emerging slums. However, a
systematic urban development and slum renewal programme, in partnership
with several development agencies,  has since been put in place to
reverse the trend. Consequently, the Ikeja Model Plan, Victoria
Island/Ikoyi Model City Plan, Lekki Comprehensive Land Use and
Infrastructure Master Plan have been completed while Mainland Central
Model City Plan, Badagry Draft Master Plan and Alimosho Master Plan are
at various stages of execution. In order to give the urban renewal
programme a legal backing, the Lagos State Model City Development Law
was enacted in 2009 while the State Urban and Regional Planning Law were
signed on 7 July, 2010.
A viable public transportation
system is equally pivotal to  sustaining a model mega city. Before now,
the transportation sector in Lagos was in a chaotic state. The Bus
Rapid Transit (BRT) initiative was envisioned to create a more organised
public transport system for the state. The on-going reconstruction of
the Lagos-Badagry road to a 10 lane express way with light rail public
transport on the median and a BRT lane is part of on-going effort to
transform the transport sector. When completed, the light train can move
40,000 passengers an hour on two lanes!
The condition
of the environment also constitutes a major challenge to the Lagos model
city. Lagos, for instance, generates 10,000 tonnes of waste daily,
almost three times higher than what the whole of Ghana generates daily.
Also, the kind of industrial pollution experienced in Lagos is second to
none in the country. The peculiar Lagos traffic situation also poses
serious threat to the Lagos environment. Many houses in areas such as
Ajegunle in Ikorodu, Amukoko, Orile-Iganmu, Ijora Badia, Ajegunle in
Ajeromi and Idi Araba in Mushin are lacking toilet facilities. In some
houses, septic tanks are channelled directly into the drain! The
government is, therefore, challenged to invest heavily in the protection
of the environment in order to avert environmental abuse and its
consequences.
Maintenance of law and order is another
major challenge of the Lagos mega city. The Lagos State Security Trust
Fund was established as a creative measure to effectively fund the
security needs of the state on a sustainable basis. This was accompanied
by the re-organisation and strengthening of the state’s anti-crime
outfit, the Rapid Response Squad, through the infusion of additional
men, acquisition of new telecommunication equipment, bullet proof vests
and uniforms, introduction of new allowances to boost the morale of
security personnel and provision of additional patrol vehicles to
enhance performance. In addition, provision of crime fighting helicopter
and installation of CCTV equipment has not only served as deterrent but
has actually reduced crime in the state.
Provision of
qualitative health care delivery is also vital in building a mega city
and this why the government is investing heavily in the rehabilitation
of hospitals and construction of new ones. Currently, all the General
Hospitals in the state have been rehabilitated. To tackle maternal
death, the state government has built and handed over eight Maternal and
Childcare Centres planned for the state.  It is important to stress
that government now lays more emphasis on preventive healthcare as
against curative to reduce the number of citizens needing to attend
hospitals.
  Improved access to potable water is one
other vital challenge of the Lagos mega city. To tackle this challenge,
the state government evolved the Lagos State Water Supply Project as the
arrowhead of a 15-year expansion programme with the aim of increasing
the access of the population to public water supply, improving the
efficiency of water supply and strengthening of the Lagos Water
Corporation [LSWC]. The project entails expanding water supply
facilities, transmission and distribution systems, rehabilitation of
existing one, improved administrative infrastructure and institutional
support. The first phase involves the construction of 15 mini micro
water works that have the capacity of producing 30 million gallons per
day across various parts of the state to improve accessibility.
Perhaps
more importantly, the Lagos experience has shown that building a mega
city requires astute and visionary leadership. Despite the relative
success of the Fashola administration, it is not resting on its oars.
The State Governor, Mr. Babatunde Fashola, recently assured Lagosians of
continued prompt response to their needs with the assurance that his
administration would serve the people with creativity and vigour till
its last day on May 29, next year. He declared: “For me it is work in
progress. It could always be better. We are not relenting in our
efforts. We are not relenting in our commitment. We are going to push it
right to the wire.” To basically drive the message home, unlike in
other places, the tempo of governance in the state has continued to wax
stronger.
Though a mega city status is conferred on a
city as a result of population growth, building  and sustaining a model
mega city is not a tea party as reflected in the Lagos experience. In
the case of Lagos, a major challenge, however, is how to cope with the
ever increasing population of Lagos with its attendant consequences on
infrastructure. Nevertheless, the success story of past years in Lagos
has revealed that as a people, we have the capacity to chart a better
course for ourselves. This, of course, is the spirit of the new Lagos.


Do you suspect your loved one is cheating on you ? Find out with this amazing app.Records all calls, text messages, surroundings of the phone even when not on a call and more.

Looking For a Well-Paid Job? Start working as a Movie Extra & Earn up to $300/day

YOUR AMERICAN DREAM IS IN YOUR HANDS. 50,000 People and their families wins the GREEN CARD lottery every year.2017 REGISTRATION HAS STARTED! CLICK HERE to Submit your green card application today!

Study in USA with an official American Green Card. CLICK HERE

Enjoy sex again, save your marriage, all thanks to Gods gift! [United states only]


Like it? Share with your friends!

Leave a Reply

1 Comment on "Lagos: A Megacity And Its Mega Challenges"

avatar
Sort by:   newest | oldest | most voted
Victor Ndah
Guest

wow this's gonna be hot..

wpDiscuz

log in

reset password

Back to
log in