Most People With Naegleria Infection Die Within a Week



drpinna.com

NAEGLERIA
INFECTION
– a rare but deadly cause of brain
amoebic meningioenecphlalitis(naeleria infection).
 

PRIMARY
AMOEBIC MENINGIOENCEPHALITIS (PAM)
This is a disease of the central nervous
system caused by

infection from Naegleria fowleri.

Naegleria infection is a rare and usually
fatal condition caused by an amoeba commonly found in fresh water, lakes,
rivers and hot springs.
MODE OF
CONTACT
This specie of amoeba can infect one when he
expose himself top water especially during swimming or other water sports. One
can also be expose to N. fowleri through contaminated water used for bathing,
drinking or even washing. The amoeba then travels up the nose to the brain, where
it causes severe damage.
DEATH RATE
Most people who have naegleria infection die within
a week.
NAEGLERIA
INFECTION SYMPTOM
The infection causes a disease called primary
amoebic meningoencephalitis. This disease causes brain inflammation and
destruction of brain tissue.
Within one – two weeks after infection, the
following signs and symptoms ensues-
v  A change in the sense of smell or taste
v  Fever
v  Sudden headache
v  Stiff neck
v  Sensitivity to light
v  Nausea and vomiting
v  Confusion
v  Loss of balance
v  Sleepiness
v  Seizures
v  Hallucinations
These signs and symptoms can progress rapidly.
When occurred, they typically lead to death within three –seven days.
ADVICE
Seek medical attention of you develop a sudden
onset of fever, headache, stiff neck and vomiting.
CAUSE OF NAEGLERIA
INFECTION
Naegleria infection is caused by Naegleria fowleri
amoeba, which is commonly found in warn bodies of fresh water around the world.
The amoeba can as well be founded in the soil occasionally. The amoeba enters
the body through the nose, via contaminated water or dust and travels to the
brain through the nerves that transmit the sense of small.
GOOD NEWS
The amoeba isn’t spread from person to person
or by drinking contaminated water and properly cleaned and disinfected swimming
pools don’t contain the naegleria amoeba.
NAELERIA
INFECTION RISK FACTORS
They include;
·        
Fresh water
swimming; most people who become ill have been swimming in a fresh water lake
written the past two weeks
·        
Heat waves: the
amoeba thrives in hot or warm water
·        
Age: children and
young adults are the most likely age groups to be affected.
·        
Sex: more boys
than girls find to develop negleric infection.
DIAGNOSIS OF NAEGLERIA INFECTION –
Test and diagnosis to identify this disease
include:
1.                
Imaging
tests computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRr) can reveal
swelling and bleeding within the brain.
2.                
CT-SCAN: This
procedure combines X-ray views taken from many different directions into detailed
cross sectional image of the brain.
3.                
MRI: An MRI
machine uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce extremely detailed
imagines of soft  tissues, such as the
brain.
4.                
Spinal tap (lumber
puncture) Naegleria amoeba can be seen under a microscope in the fluid that
surrounds your brain and spinal cord. The spinal fluid is obtained by inserting
a needle between two vertebrae in the lower back. This test also can measure
the cerebral spinal fluid pressure and look for inflammatory cells.
TREATMENT OF
NAEGLERIA INFECTION
The primary treatment for naegleria infection
is amphotericin B . Usually injected intraveneously or into  the space around the spinal cord to kill the
amoebia.
BAD NEWS
Naegleria infection is very deadly. The
mortality rate is higher than 95%
PREVENTION AND
CONTROL
§  Avoid swimming in hot and warm fresh water
bodies and lakes
§  Disinfect swimming poles regularly with
disinfectant
§  One can wear nose mask while swimming in fresh
water to avoid penetration of the amoeba through the nose.
Contributed by Dr. Ekpendu Paul KC
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